Record number :
Title of article :
Shrimp aquaculture development and the environment in the Gulf of California ecoregion
Author/Authors :
F. Paez-Osuna، نويسنده , , A. Gracia، نويسنده , , F. Flores-Verdugo، نويسنده , , L. P. Lyle-Fritch، نويسنده , , R. Alonso-Rodr?guez، نويسنده , , A. Roque، نويسنده , , A. C. Ruiz-Fern?ndez، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
Pages :
From page :
To page :
Abstract :
Beginning in the middle of the 1980s, the Gulf of California ecoregion experienced a boom in shrimp aquaculture and became the second largest producer in the western hemisphere. The moderated, but continual development of shrimp farming, in conjunction with municipal and agriculture effluents has been accompanied by concern about: (a) depletion of fishing stocks, (b) reduction of mangrove forest, (c) frequent harmful algal blooms in coastal waters and shrimp ponds, and (d) water quality deterioration. We demonstrate that environmental degradation resulted from a conjunction of factors including agriculture, untreated municipal effluents, shrimp aquaculture, increasing number of fishermen, and an absence of an effective regulatory program. We recommend the immediate implementation of an integrated coastal management program to protect the integrity of the coastal ecosystems and operate upon the principle of environmental sustainability for the different economic activities including shrimp aquaculture.
Keywords :
Mangroves , Shrimp aquaculture , Fisheries , Algal blooms , water quality , Gulf of California
Journal title :
Marine Pollution Bulletin
Link To Document :