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Title of article :
Experimental calibration of the roles of temperature and composition in the Ca-in-olivine geothermometer at 0.1 MPa
Author/Authors :
Archana Shejwalkar، نويسنده , , Laurence A. Coogan، نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
Abstract The calcium content of olivine in equilibrium with a low-Ca pyroxene and clinopyroxene has previously been calibrated in several studies at elevated pressure as a geobarometer. However, the calcium content of olivine in such systems is also dependent on temperature and the Mg# (100*Mg/Mg + Fe) of the system which is represented here by the olivine forsterite (Fo) content. To isolate these variables a series of experiments has been performed at 0.1 MPa between 1170 °C and 1322 °C in both, the simple CaO–MgO–Al2O3–SiO2 (CMAS) system and in Fe–Na–Ti–K bearing compositions. In the CMAS system the Ca content of pure forsterite coexisting with low-Ca pyroxene and clinopyroxene is strongly temperature dependent, decreasing by > 0.1 wt.% CaO between 1322 °C and 1254 °C. Addition of Fe to the system leads to a substantial increase in the Ca content of olivine coexisting with a low-Ca pyroxene and clinopyroxene at a given temperature. Empirical fitting of these data gives a geothermometer applicable at low pressure and in the compositional range Fo70–Fo100: T ° C = − 12368 2032 ln X Mo − 6.395 1.79 + 3.235 0.51 Fo − 273 where the values in parentheses are the standard error on the parameter. This reproduces all experimental data within 20 °C.
Keywords :
Compositional dependence , Geothermometer , Calcium , olivine
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