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Title of article :
Development of biodiversity in field margins recently taken out of production and adjacent ditch banks in arable areas
Author/Authors :
C.J.M Musters، نويسنده , , F. van Alebeek، نويسنده , , R.H.E.M. Geers، نويسنده , , H. Korevaar، نويسنده , , A. Visser، نويسنده , , G.R. de Snoo، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
Taking field margins out of intensive cultivation is a common form of agri-environmental scheme and on-farm nature management. Typically, no nutrients or pesticides are applied in these margins, which may be sown either with a crop or with grasses and native flowering plants. In some cases the margins are mown, while in others they are left alone. Newly established grass margins are less species-rich than field boundaries or road verges with a long history, justifying the expectation that field margins, if properly managed and given time and appropriate seed sources, could develop into relatively species-rich vegetation. We studied the biodiversity of both margins taken out of production and adjacent ditch banks in the years following initial establishment of the margins. To this end we combined the data of three different projects in order to increase the sensitivity of the statistical analyses. The results showed that the plant species richness of the field margins increased in the years following establishment over a period of four years. In addition, shifts in species composition indicated a decrease in soil nitrate concentrations. The species richness of both butterflies and dragonflies may increase. The most striking result was the marked increase in the plant species richness of the adjacent ditch banks in the five years following creation of the margins. Here, too, changes in species composition indicated a decrease in soil nitrate. In the years following establishment of the field margins there was no increase in the cover of agriculturally harmful weeds in these margins. However, the number of harmful nematodes increased. Our results show the short term effect of establishing field margins. Long term effects are still in need for further research.
Keywords :
Grassy field margins , Crop land , Temporal changes , Floral richness , Faunal richness , Nematodes , Weeds
Journal title :
Agriculture Ecosystems and Environment
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