Record number :
Title of article :
Influence of A-site deficiency on oxygen-vacancy-related dielectric relaxation, electrical and temperature stability properties of CuO-doped NKN-based piezoelectric ceramics
Author/Authors :
Cheng-Che Tsai، نويسنده , , Sheng-Yuan Chu، نويسنده , , Cheng-Shong Hong، نويسنده , , Song-Ling Yang، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
Pages :
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Abstract :
The lead-free ceramics with composition of (Na0.5K0.5)0.9975−xCa0.0025NbO3+1 mol% CuO (NKN−100x−C−1,where x=0, 0.02, 0.03, 0.04, 0.06, 0.08) were synthesized by the mixed-oxide method at a sintering temperature of 1080 °C. Effects of Na and K deficiency amounts of x on the oxygen vacancies relating to the electrical and temperature stability properties were systematically investigated. Experimental results showed that the bulk densities of composition ceramics increased with increasing x contents due to the sintering aid of TTB formation at the grain boundary. The electrical properties of NKCN−100x−C−1 ceramics exhibited the optimum values: bulk density ρimage 4.45 g/cm3, dielectric constant (ε33T/ε0)image255, dielectric loss (tanδ)∼0.003, kpimage 0.38, ktimage 0.49, g33image 39×10−3 V-m/N, and Qm∼ 2850. Furthermore, the change rate of kp and Qm versus temperature (TCkp and TCQm) could increase by 7% and 35% in the temperature range 20–120 °C, respectively. This may be due to the decrease of mechanical damping. The imaginary part impedance of NKN−100x−C−1 ceramics with the x variation was evaluated, and the activation energy was correspondingly calculated, which disclosed the deficient x amounts correlating with the oxygen vacancy and high Qm value.
Keywords :
Non-stoichiometric composition , Oxygen vacancies , Arrhenius law , Activation energy
Journal title :
Ceramics International
Journal title :
Ceramics International
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