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Title of article :
Multiaxial and non-proportional loading responses, anisotropy and modeling of Ti–6Al–4V titanium alloy over wide ranges of strain rates and temperatures
Author/Authors :
Akhtar S. Khan، نويسنده , , Rehan Kazmi، نويسنده , , Babak Farrokh، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2007
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Abstract :
Results from a series of multiaxial loading experiments on the Ti–6Al–4V titanium alloy are presented. Different loading conditions are applied in order to get the comprehensive response of the alloy. The strain rates are varied from the quasi-static to dynamic regimes and the corresponding material responses are obtained. The specimen is deformed to large strains in order to study the material behavior under finite deformation at various strain rates. Torsional Kolsky bar is used to achieve shear strain rates up to 1000 s−1. Experiments are performed under non-proportional loading conditions as well as dynamic torsion followed by dynamic compression at various temperatures. The non-proportional loading experiments comprise of an initial uniaxial loading to a certain level of strain followed by biaxial loading, using a channel-type die at various rates of loadings. All the non-proportional experiments are carried out at room temperature. Experiments are also performed to investigate the anisotropic behavior of the alloy. An orthotropic yield criterion [proposed by Cazacu, O., Plunkett, B., Barlat, F., 2005. Orthotropic yield criterion for hexagonal closed packed metals. International Journal of Plasticity 22, 1171–1194.] for anisotropic hexagonal closed packed materials with strength differential is used to generate the yield surface. Based on the definition of the effective stress of this yield criterion, the observed material response for the different loading conditions under large deformation is modeled using the Khan–Huang–Liang (KHL) equation assuming isotropic hardening. The model constants used in the present study, were pre-determined from the extensive uniaxial experiments presented in the earlier paper [Khan, A.S., Suh, Y.S., Kazmi R., 2004. Quasi-static and dynamic loading responses and constitutive modeling of titanium alloys. International Journal of Plasticity 20, 2233–2248]. The model predictions are found to be extremely close to the observed material response.
Keywords :
Non-proportional loadings , Anisotropy , Titanium alloys , Constitutive behavior , high strain rate , Kolsky bar , Multiaxial experiments
Journal title :
International Journal of Plasticity
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