Zhenhuan Li ، نويسنده , , Cheng Wang، نويسنده , , Chuanyao Chen ، نويسنده ,
The main aim of this paper is to opens out the meso-mechanism of void growth and coalescence in the matrix materials with graded strain-hardening exponent distribution. For this end, detailed finite element computations of a representative cylindrical cell containing a spherical void have been carried out. According to the FE analyses, significant effects of the strain-hardening exponent gradient (SEG) in the matrix on the void growth and coalescence are revealed: (1) In the homogeneous materials, the void growth and coalescence are slightly dependent on the strain-hardening exponent, however, the SEG distribution in the matrix can increase remarkably the void growth rate and decrease seriously the void coalescence strain. (2) The critical void shapes in the homogeneous materials are mainly governed by the macroscopic stress triaxiality, but due to earlier plastic flow localization in the softer matrix layer, the SEG distribution in the matrix has very significant effects on the deformed void shapes, especially when the stress triaxiality is lower. (3) When the triaxial stress levels are lower, in the homogeneous materials, the shape change mode of the void evolution is dominate so the void growth rate is very low; however, the SEG distribution in the matrix can bring the volume change mode out, as a result of increasing the void growth rate. (4) Comparisons of the numerical results with the existing damage model indicate that the classic damage model cannot give satisfying prediction to the void growth in both the homogeneous strain-hardening matrix and the SEG materials. On the basis of large numbers of numerical computations, a new damage model, which can uniformly describe the void growing in the homogeneous and plasticity gradient materials, is suggested. A mass of element computations have validated that the new damage model can give satisfying agreement with the FE results of cell model.