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Title of article :
Cholesterol, a modulator of membrane-associated aβ-fibrillogenesis and neurotoxicity
Author/Authors :
C.M. Yip، نويسنده , , E.A. Elton، نويسنده , , A.A. Darabie، نويسنده , , M.R. Morrison، نويسنده , , J. McLaurin، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2001
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Abstract :
Recent studies have suggested that cholesterol, an important determinant of the physical state of biological membranes, plays a significant role in the development of Alzheimer’s disease. We have employed in situ scanning probe microscopy, fluorescence anisotropy, and electron microscopy to investigate how cholesterol levels within total brain lipid bilayers effect amyloid β-peptide (Aβ)-assembly. Fluorescence anisotropy measurements revealed that the relative fluidity of the total brain lipid membranes was influenced by the level of cholesterol and the addition of Aβ40 resulted in a decrease in the overall vesicle fluidity. In situ scanning probe microscopy performed on supported planar bilayers of total brain lipid revealed a correlation between membrane fluidity, as influenced by cholesterol level, and the extent of Aβ-insertion and subsequent fibrillogenesis. These observations were consistent with fluorescence microscopy studies of PC-12 and SH-SY5Y cell lines exposed to exogenous Aβ, which revealed an inverse correlation between membrane cholesterol level, and Aβ-cell surface binding and subsequent cell death. These results collectively suggest that Aβ-cell surface interactions are mediated by cellular cholesterol levels, the distribution of cholesterol throughout the cell, and membrane fluidity.
Keywords :
Amyloid-? peptide , Cholesterol , MEMBRANE , fibrillogenesis , Neurotoxicity
Journal title :
Journal of Molecular Biology
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