Record number :
Title of article :
Morphology and physical properties of poly(ethylene oxide) loaded graphene nanocomposites prepared by two different techniques
Author/Authors :
Waleed E. Mahmoud، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2011
Pages :
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Abstract :
Organic–inorganic hybrids are artificially created structures presenting novel properties not exhibited by either of the component materials alone. In this contribution one addresses processing, morphology and properties of polymer nanocomposites reinforced graphene. First, synthesis routes to graphite oxide (GO) and foliated graphene sheets (FGS) are illustrated. Physical characterization of these graphene sheets were conducted using atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction techniques. Processing, structure and properties of graphene/poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) nanocomposites are discussed. FGS was dispersed into PEO via two different composite manufacturing techniques: melt compounding and solvent mixing. Morphology of dispersed graphene and properties from different blending routes are compared. TEM showed that graphene distributed parallel to the composite surface using solvent method, while distributed randomly in melt blended method. Optical measurements indicated that the transparency of PEO/graphene prepared by solvent method is higher than that of melt blended method in the visible region. Electrical conductivity measurements are employed to evaluate threshold concentration for rigidity and connectivity percolation. The percolation concentration of the composites prepared by solvent method is less than those of melt blended method. The mechanical performance of the composites prepared by solvent method is higher than melt blended. Halpin–Tsai model has been used to confirm the distribution of the graphene into PEO by the two different processing techniques.
Keywords :
Optical microscopy , mechanical , Electrical , Casting , nanocomposites , graphene
Journal title :
European Polymer Journal(EPJ)
Link To Document :