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Title of article :
Interplay between particle size, composition, and structure of MgAl2O4-supported Co–Cu catalysts and their influence on carbon accumulation during steam reforming of ethanol
Author/Authors :
C.N. ?vila-Neto، نويسنده , , D. Zanchet، نويسنده , , C.E. Hori، نويسنده , , R.U. Ribeiro، نويسنده , , J.M.C. Bueno، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
The effect of Cu/Co ratio on the structure of MgAl2O4-supported Cu–Co nanoparticles, and on their catalytic properties during steam reforming of ethanol (SRE), was studied using a series of ex situ and in situ techniques. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analyses showed that Cu atoms migrated to the surfaces of reduced nanoparticles. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) data revealed the formation of Cu–Co alloy. The size and structure of the nanoparticles were estimated by development of a model based on the EXAFS and XPS data, considering the nanoparticles to be spherical with reduced cores and oxidized shells. It was found that both the reduced core and nanoparticles size were dependent on the Cu/Co ratio. The observed apparent dependence of carbon accumulation rate during SRE (rcarbon,SRE) on Co–Cu crystallite size was mainly associated with the presence of the element in an oxidized state and with the nature of the metal on the nanoparticle surface.
Keywords :
TiO2 , nanocomposites , Mechanisms , Metal nanoparticles , photocatalysis , plasmonics
Journal title :
Journal of Catalysis
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