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Title of article :
Phase transitions and relaxation processes in ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers probed by fluorescence spectroscopy
Author/Authors :
S.B Yamaki، نويسنده , , E.A Prado، نويسنده , , T.D.Z Atvars، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2002
Pages :
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Abstract :
The steady-state fluorescence of pyrene and anthracene are used to investigate the relaxation processes of several random ethylene-co-vinyl acetate copolymers, EVA, with defined comonomer compositions (EVA-9, EVA-18, EVA-25, EVA-33 and EVA-40). The temperature of the relaxation processes are compared with those of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc). The polymer relaxation processes are assigned to Tg=300–310 K (glass transition temperature of the PVAc); Tα=270–300 K (relaxation processes of the ethylene units present in LDPE and EVA); Tg=220–250 K (glass transition of the LDPE and of the EVA); Tγ or Tβ=160–190 K (relaxation processes of interfacial defects of methylenic chains of LDPE and rotation of the acetate group of the PVAc and the EVA); and Tγ=90–130 K (relaxation processes of small sequences of methylene units of LDPE and end groups of PVAc). An Arrhenius-type function was employed as an attempt to represent the experimental data of fluorescence intensity versus temperature above the γ-relaxation temperature. As obtained with other techniques, there is not a simple relationship between the polymer relaxation processes and the vinyl acetate content that can be explained by the morphology in these copolymers.
Keywords :
Ethylene-co-vinyl acetate copolymers , Fluorescence spectroscopy , Relaxation processes , Anthracene , Phase transitions , Pyrene
Journal title :
European Polymer Journal(EPJ)
Link To Document :