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Title of article :
Direct carboxylation of alcohols to organic carbonates: Comparison of the Group 5 element alkoxides catalytic activity An insight into the reaction mechanism and its key steps
Author/Authors :
Aresta، Michele نويسنده , , Dibenedetto، Angela نويسنده , , Pastore، Carlo نويسنده ,
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روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
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Abstract :
The reaction of carboxylation of alcohols is a sustainable technology for the synthesis of dialkylcarbonates that avoids the use of phosgene. In this paper we describe the behaviour of metal alkoxides of Group 5 elements as homogeneous catalysts in the above reaction, and the isolation and characterization of the active species, i.e. the hemicarbonates formed upon insertion of carbon dioxide into the M-OR bond. Ta and V alkoxo complexes are comparatively discussed with respect to the Nb-analogues, whose synthesis and catalytic properties have been published [M. Aresta, A. Dibenedetto, C. Pastore, Inorg. Chem. 42 (10) (2003) 3256, and references therein]. In this paper, we report for the first time the evidence of insertion of carbon dioxide in tantalum alkoxides [Ta(OR)5]2 [R= methyl (Me), ethyl (Et)]. The relevant hemicarbonates Ta(OR)4[OC(O)OR] have been characterized using spectroscopic techniques (IR and NMR). Tantalum alkoxides and the vanadium compound VO(OR)3 are shown to be able to catalyze the carboxylation of alcohols at 413 K and 5.5 MPa of CO2. The trend of reactivity for the Group 5 alkoxides as catalysts for the carboxylation of alcohols is Nb>>Ta>V.
Keywords :
Alkoxo complexes , Carboxylation of alcohols , Group 5 elements , Hemicarbonates , Homogeneous catalysis
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