Record number :
Title of article :
Critical evaluation of global mechanisms of wood devolatilization
Author/Authors :
Carmen Branca، نويسنده , , Alessandro Albano، نويسنده , , Colomba Di Blasi، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
دوهفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
Pages :
From page :
To page :
Abstract :
Thermogravimetric data on the devolatilization rate of beech wood are re-examined with the aim of incorporating the effects of high heating rates (up to 108 K min−1) in the global kinetics. The mechanism consisting of three independent parallel reactions, first-order in the amount of volatiles released from pseudo-components with chief contributions from hemicellulose, cellulose and lignin, is considered first. It is found that the set of activation energies estimated by Gronli et al. [M.G. Gronli, G. Varhegyi, C. Di Blasi, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 41 (2002) 4201–4208] (100, 236 and 46 kJ mol−1, respectively) for one slow heating rate results in very high deviations between predicted and measured rate curves. The agreement is significantly improved by a new set of data consisting of activation energies of 147, 193 and 181 kJ mol−1, respectively. In this case, the overlap is reduced between the reaction rates of the three pseudo-components whose chemical composition is also modified. In particular, instead of a slow decomposition rate over a broad range of temperatures, the activity of the third reaction is mainly explicated along the high-temperature (tail) region of the weight loss curves. The performances of more simplified mechanisms are also evaluated. One-step mechanisms, using literature values for the kinetic constants, produce large errors on either the conversion time (activation energy of 103 kJ mol−1) or the maximum devolatilization rate (activation energy of 149 kJ mol−1). On the other hand, these parameters are well predicted by two parallel reactions, with activation energies of 147 and 149 kJ mol−1.
Keywords :
Wood , Devolatilization , kinetics
Journal title :
Thermochimica Acta
Serial Year :
Link To Document :