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Title of article :
Experimental study on a simple Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
C.M Gao، نويسنده , , K.J. Bosschaart، نويسنده , , J.C.H. Zeegers، نويسنده , , A.T.A.M de Waele، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
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Abstract :
The Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube is a device by which cold gas can be generated using compressed gas. To understand the cooling mechanism of this device, it is necessary to know the pressure, temperature, and velocity distributions inside the tube. In order to investigate this, a simple vortex tube is built and nitrogen is used as its working fluid. A special Pitot tube is used for the measurement of the pressure and velocity. This Pitot tube consists of a capillary which has only one hole in the cylinder wall. With this Pitot tube, the pressure and velocity fields inside the tube were measured. In the same way, the temperature field was measured with a thermocouple. The results of three different entrance conditions are compared here. With the measurements results, the analysis based on the two thermodynamic laws has been made. It is found that rounding off the entrance has influence on the performance of the vortex tube. The secondary circulation gas flow inside the vortex tube can be enhanced and enlarged, the performance of the Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube improved.
Keywords :
Ranque–Hilsch vortex tube , Energy separation , Cylinder type Pitot tube
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