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Title of article :
Effect of titanium-doping on the properties of vanadium antimonate catalysts Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Andrés Barbaro، نويسنده , , Susana Larrondo، نويسنده , , Stella Duhalde، نويسنده , , Norma Amadeo، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2000
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Abstract :
Catalysts of nominal compositions VSb1−xTixO4, with x = 0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4, were prepared by solid state reaction of vanadium(V) oxide, antimony(III) oxide and titanium(IV) oxide mixtures. Their structural and catalytic properties were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), temperature programmed reduction (TPR) and catalytic heterogeneous oxidation of toluene to benzaldehyde. The samples with 10% (x = 0.1) and 20% (x = 0.2) of titanium present the highest activity and selectivity to benzaldehyde under the operating conditions used in this work. When the titanium content is 40% (x = 0.4), the activity level drops strongly below the level found for the undoped vanadium antimonate. X-ray patterns show the presence of vanadium(V) oxide as a separate phase in this sample, and this is probably the cause of the low catalytic performance. TPR results show that the replacement of antimony by titanium changes the oxidation-reduction properties of the vanadium antimonate phase. In the samples with titanium content up to 20%, there seems to be a direct relationship between the selectivity and the separation of the reduction temperatures of both reduction peaks of the TPR profile: the larger the separation, the higher is the selectivity to benzaldehyde. All the samples with x = 0, 0.1 and 0.2 show surface antimony excess despite being prepared from stoichiometric mixtures of nominal V/Sb ratios larger than or equal to 1.
Keywords :
Vanadium , Toluene oxidation , Vanadium antimonate , Antimony , Benzaldehyde , Titanium
Journal title :
Applied Catalysis A:General
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