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Title of article :
Influence of the carrier on the catalytic performance of impregnated phosphoric acid in the hydration of ethylene Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
C.M Fougret، نويسنده , , M.P Atkins، نويسنده , , W.F H?lderich، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 1999
Pages :
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Abstract :
The hydration of ethylene was studied at 300°C and 50 bar using phosphoric acid impregnated silica, titania, mixed silica/titania, zinc oxide/titania, tin oxide/titania, zirconia and niobic acid carriers. The time on stream of “solid phosphoric acid” i.e. phosphoric acid on silica is limited because of the crystallization of the silica carrier to β-crystobalite. The addition of titania to the carrier of the well-known “solid phosphoric acid” catalyst results in a decrease of the catalytic activity in the hydration. The phosphoric acid is strongly bound to the surface of this carrier. The activity of the “solid phosphoric acid” is related to the presence of the liquid form of the deposited phosphoric acid (SLP=supported liquid phase catalyst). The determination of the amount of free phosphoric acid gives an indication of the state of phosphoric acid on different carrier materials. This amount was determined by measuring the acid which could be leached out by submerging the catalyst in water. The activity of carrier materials impregnated with phosphoric acid could not be correlated to the concentration of acid sites at strengths of −8.2
Keywords :
Ethylene hydration , Solid phosphoric acid , Supported liquid phase catalyst , Carriers impregnated with phosphoric acid
Journal title :
Applied Catalysis A:General
Serial Year :