Title of article :
Anisotropic TGO rumpling in EB-PVD thermal barrier coatings under in-phase thermomechanical loading Original Research Article
D.S. Balint ، نويسنده , , S.-S. Kim، نويسنده , , Yufu Liu، نويسنده , , R. Kitazawa، نويسنده , , Y. Kagawa، نويسنده , , A.G. Evans، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
دوهفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2011
An electron beam physical vapor deposited (EB-PVD) Y2O3–ZrO2 thermal barrier system has been tested under in-phase thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) conditions with thermal gradient in the through-thickness direction. Undulations in the thermally grown oxide (TGO) were observed to have clear anisotropic behavior with respect to the directions parallel and perpendicular to the loading axis. It was found that undulation wavelengths were nearly the same in both directions but the amplitude in the perpendicular direction was much larger than in the parallel direction. A recent model of TGO rumpling was adapted and used to analyze and explain the origins of the observed rumpling behavior under TMF conditions. Methods for deducing variation in the coefficient of thermal expansion with temperature and in the creep properties of the substrate from the experimental strain data are also presented in the course of the derivations. Model results show that tensile stress applied in the loading direction can overcome the compression occurring from lateral expansion during oxide formation, causing undulations to flatten; undulations perpendicular to the loading axis are unaffected. However, ratcheting in the strain cycle experienced by the substrate, which occurs naturally by substrate creep, is necessary for anisotropic rumpling under cyclic stress conditions. Model predictions for constant applied stress are also presented, demonstrating a reversal in the direction of undulation alignment under compression. A threshold stress is identified, in both tension and compression, sufficient to produce appreciable anisotropic rumpling. The model predictions provide a clear mechanism for the anisotropy and further evidence that the lateral expansion strain in the oxide is the driving force for oxide rumpling.
Multilayers , Physical vapor deposition , Ceramics , High temperature deformation , Analytical methods
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