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Title of article :
Developing a vitamin greenhouse for the life support system of the international space station and for future interplanetary missions Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Y.A. Berkovich، نويسنده , , N.M. Krivobok، نويسنده , , Yu.Ye. Sinyak، نويسنده , , S.O. Smolyanina، نويسنده , , Yu.V. Grigoriev، نويسنده , , S.Yu. Romanov، نويسنده , , A.S. Guissenberg، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
دوهفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
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Abstract :
In order to evaluate the effects of gravity on growing plants, we conducted ground based long-term experiments with dwarf wheat, cultivar Apogee and Chinese cabbage, cultivar Khibinskaya. The test crops had been grown in overhead position with HPS lamp below root module so gravity and light intensity gradients had been in opposite direction. Plants of the control crop grew in normal position under the same lamp. Both crops were grown on porous metallic membranes with stable −1 kPa matric potential on their surface. Results from these and other studies allowed us to examine the differences in growth and development of the plants as well as the root systems in relation to the value of the gravity force influence. Dry weight of the roots from test group was decreased in 2.5 times for wheat and in 6 times – at the Chinese cabbage, but shoot dry biomass was practically same for both test and control versions. A harvest index of the test plants increased substantially. The data shows, that development of the plants was essentially changed in microgravity. The experiments in the space greenhouse Svet aboard the Mir space station proved that it is possible to compensate the effects of weightlessness on higher plants by manipulating gradients of environmental parameters (i.e. photon flux, matric potential in the root zone, etc.). However, the average productivity of Svet concerning salad crops even in ground studies did not provide more than 14 g fresh biomass per day. This does not provide a sufficient level of supplemental nutrients to the crew of the ISS. A cylindrical design of a space plant growth chamber (SPGC) allows for maximal productivity in presence of very tight energy and volume limitations onboard the ISS and provides a number of operational advantages. Productivity from this type of SPGF with a 0.5 kW energy utilization when salad growing would provide approximately 100 g of edible biomass per day, which would almost satisfy requirements for a crew of two in vitamin C and carotene and partly vitamin B group as well as rough fiber.
Keywords :
Space life sciences , Vitamin greenhouse , Effects of gravity on plants , Life support system
Journal title :
Advances in Space Research
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