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Title of article :
Separation and recovery of heavy metals using a cation-exchange resin in the presence of organic macro-cations Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Mourad Amara، نويسنده , , Hacène Kerdjoudj، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
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Abstract :
Commercial polymer cation-exchange resins have been investigated for the separation and recovery of Cu(II) and Ag(I) from synthetic solutions. They contain various ionic species after modification of the cation-exchange resin properties by fixation of organic macro-cations under different experimental conditions. The modification was carried out by impregnation of the resin under different conditions (time of immersion, concentration, pH) into solutions containing tetramethylanimonium, tetrabutylammonium and polyethyleneimine. The selectivity coefficient and the capacity of the resin for the ions Li(I), K(I), Fe(III), Cu(II), Ag(I) and Cd(II) in batch operations were determined and the kinetic of metal adsorption by both the modified and the unmodified resin was also studied. After the adsorption of the organic macro-cation, ion-exchange capacity was varied and the rate of the ion-exchange reaction of monovalent ions became slow, though exchange capacity for copper ions increased when the cation-exchange resin was modified in polyethyleneimine solution. Several stripping solutions, i.e., SCN− 0.01 M, HNO3 0.5 M, HNO3 1 M and thiourea 0.1 M in HNO3 0.5M were tested in batch experiments for the recovery of metals loaded in the resin adsorption operation. When such solutions were tested in a mixture of ions adsorbed in the resin, the following result were obtained: elution of Cu(II) fixed on PEI-modified resin with acids was inferior by 30% compared to 65% in the case of unmodified resin. On the other hand, thiourea 0.1 M in HNO3 0.5 M was shown to be the best eluti the simultaneous recovery of Ag(I) and Cu(II), yielding a value of 80% for each metal.
Keywords :
Cation-exchange resin , Separation , Chelating , Organic macro-cations , Recovery
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