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Title of article :
Hydraulic parameter estimation by remotely-sensed top soil moisture observations with the particle filter
Author/Authors :
Carsten Montzka a، نويسنده , , Hamid Moradkhani، نويسنده , , Lutz Weihermüller، نويسنده , , Harrie-Jan Hendricks Franssen، نويسنده , , Morton Canty، نويسنده , , Harry Vereecken ، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2011
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Abstract :
In a synthetic study we explore the potential of using surface soil moisture measurements obtained from different satellite platforms to retrieve soil moisture profiles and soil hydraulic properties using a sequential data assimilation procedure and a 1D mechanistic soil water model. Four different homogeneous soil types were investigated including loamy sand, loam, silt, and clayey soils. The forcing data including precipitation and potential evapotranspiration were taken from the meteorological station of Aachen (Germany). With the aid of the forward model run, a synthetic data set was designed and observations were generated. The virtual top soil moisture observations were then assimilated to update the states and hydraulic parameters of the model by means of a particle filtering data assimilation method. Our analyses include the effect of assimilation strategy, measurement frequency, accuracy in surface soil moisture measurements, and soils differing in textural and hydraulic properties. With this approach we were able to assess the value of periodic spaceborne observations of top soil moisture for soil moisture profile estimation and identify the adequate conditions (e.g. temporal resolution and measurement accuracy) for remotely sensed soil moisture data assimilation. Updating of both hydraulic parameters and state variables allowed better predictions of top soil moisture contents as compared with updating of states only. An important conclusion is that the assimilation of remotely-sensed top soil moisture for soil hydraulic parameter estimation generates a bias depending on the soil type. Results indicate that the ability of a data assimilation system to correct the soil moisture state and estimate hydraulic parameters is driven by the non linearity between soil moisture and pressure head.
Keywords :
Soil moisture , Data assimilation , Particle filter , HYDRUS-1D , Sequential importance resampling , SMOS
Journal title :
Journal of Hydrology
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