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Title of article :
Variations in the hydrology of an underdrained clay hillslope
Author/Authors :
C.M. Heppell، نويسنده , , TP Burt، نويسنده , , R.J. Williams، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2000
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Abstract :
This paper presents evidence for the existence of the hydrological routes by which rainfall moves to the drainage system through clay soil at Wytham (in Oxfordshire, UK), focusing particularly on the hydrology of the A horizon. Tile drain discharge was continuously monitored at the site, and piezometer and tensiometer arrays were installed over the hillslope in order to study the spatial variations in hydrological response to rainfall. A combination of dye tracing, ring and tension infiltrometry was used to determine the variations in infiltration capacity over the hillslope and to characterise macropore flow. The study established that both lateral and vertical macropore flow through inter-pedal cracks are an important component of the hydrology of an underdrained site. Two regions of macropore discontinuity were identified in the soil profile; at the base of the rotovated layer and at the base of the A horizon. Saturated layers developed at both these locations during rainfall. Over the winter, a surface seal developed at the base of the hillslope. Tension infiltrometer measurements suggested that once the soil surface was sealed, earthworm burrows of >6 mm diameter were responsible for up to 86% of the vertical infiltration into the A horizon.
Keywords :
Macropore , Clay , Drainage , Hillslope , Lateral
Journal title :
Journal of Hydrology
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