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Title of article :
Coupling and fast decarboxylation of aryloxyl radicals of 4-hydroxycinnamic acids with formation of stable p-quinomethanes
Author/Authors :
Carmelo Daquino، نويسنده , , Mario C. Foti، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
هفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
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Abstract :
The reaction at room temperature of 3,5-di-tert-butyl- and 3,5-di-methoxy-4-hydroxycinnamic acids and with the dpphradical dot radical in acetone or other non-hydroxylic polar solvents yields interesting dimeric p-quinomethanes characterized by a broad and strong absorption in the visible region. Although the yields appear to be low to moderate (10–40%), this simple synthesis affords quinones not otherwise obtainable, which contain an unsaturated γ-lactone ring (). The structures have been elucidated by interpretation of ESI-MS, FT-IR and NMR spectral data. In particular, FT-IR spectra in a KBr matrix demonstrate the quinone nature of these compounds because of the presence of strong absorption bands at 1604–1640 cm−1 and allows excluding the presence of carboxylic acid groups in the molecules. Kinetic evidence and molecular structures suggest that the formation of these p-quinomethanes is best explained through an 8–8 C–C coupling of the aryloxyl radicals derived from and and a subsequent fast mono- or di-decarboxylation of the initial dimer by an SE1-type mechanism. Further oxidation of the phenolic intermediates by dpphradical dot yields the final quinones.
Keywords :
Free radical , ?-Lactone , p-Quinomethane , Cinnamic acids , Sinapic acid , Decarboxylation , dpphradical dot radical
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