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Title of article :
Friction and wear of diamond-containing polyimide composites in water and air
Author/Authors :
Akihiro Tanaka، نويسنده , , Kazunori Umeda، نويسنده , , Sokichi Takatsu، نويسنده ,
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ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
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Abstract :
Polyimide-based composites containing fine diamond powder were fabricated using spark plasma sintering. The based material was polyimide (PI) containing a small amount of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). Two types of diamond powder were used: one synthesized by statically high pressure, i.e., high-pressure diamond (HD), and the other synthesized by shock compression, i.e., shock-compression diamond (SD). We evaluated their tribological properties using a reciprocating friction tester in water and air using an Al2O3 mating ball. Adding HD to the polyimide–PTFE-based material decreased the compositeʹs friction in water, but the effect of this addition in air was negligible. The specific wear rate of composites with different HD content was similar to that of the based material alone in water, while the wear of composites decreased with the addition of diamond in air. The effect of diamond powder size on friction and wear of composites was generally low in both water and air. The addition of SD decreased the friction coefficient of composites, but SD content only negligibly affected the friction in water and air. The specific wear rate was minimal at SD content of 5 vol.%, when diamond content was varied. Wear was almost independent of diamond powder size. SD reduced composite friction and wear better than HD; regardless of environment, its friction coefficient was less than 0.1 and the specific wear rate was in the level of 10−7 mm3/N m in both water and air.
Keywords :
friction , Wear , Water environment , Diamond , Polyimide , Composite
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