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Title of article :
The machinability and tribological characteristics of aluminum alloys with improved elevated temperature properties using rapidly solidified powder
Author/Authors :
Y.A-H Mashal، نويسنده , , M.H El-Axir، نويسنده , , M.A. Kassem، نويسنده ,
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ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2001
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Abstract :
In this investigation the tribological characteristics of rapidly solidified Al–8Fe–4Ce with improved elevated temperature properties were studied. Such characteristics were compared with cast aluminum–silicon alloy and cast zinc–aluminum alloy. These materials included Al–13Si, Zn–35Al, Zn–35Al–Si, Zn–35Al–3.75Si and Zn–35Al–5.8Si. The wear rates of all materials were tested on a crossed-cylinders wear machine against 440C stainless steel counterface lapped by random abrasion using diamond paste to the desired average surface roughness. The effects of sliding distance on both the worn volume and the coefficient of friction were examined. The aluminum–iron–cerium alloy (Al–8Fe–4Ce) showed the lowest wear rate. The experiments were then extended on this material to examine the effect of varying the applied load and sliding speed on its wear rate. It was found that increasing the applied load increased the wear rate while it was slightly sensitive to the change in sliding speed. As the wear results showed that the Al–8Fe–4Ce alloy has the lowest wear rates, its machinability during turning operation was studied. Statistically-based experimental design (response surface methodology) using central composite second-order rotatable design technique was used to improve the experimentation design without loss of accuracy of the results. The interaction of cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed rate and depth of cut) was examined and their effect on the average surface roughness was reported. It was found that employing a combination of high cutting speed and small depth of cut with small feed rate causes a significant reduction in Ra. The data were represented in three-dimensional and contour graphs for selecting the appropriate machining conditions required to achieve desired values of surface roughness.
Keywords :
Sliding wear , Machining , Surface roughness , Aluminum alloys
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