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Title of article :
Microstructure and mechanical properties of dissimilar Al alloy/steel joints prepared by a flat spot friction stir welding technique
Author/Authors :
Y.F. Sun، نويسنده , , H. Fujii، نويسنده , , N. Takaki، نويسنده , , Y. Okitsu، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
ماهنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2013
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Abstract :
The 6061-T6 Al alloy and mild steel plate with a thickness of 1 mm were successfully welded by the flat spot friction stir welding technique, which contains two steps during the entire welding process. The rotating tools with different probe lengths of 1.0, 1.3 and 1.5 mm were used in the first step, during which a conventional spot FSW was conducted above a round dent previously made on the back plate. However, sound Al/Fe welds with similar microstructure and mechanical properties can still be obtained after the second step, during which a probe-less rotating tool was used to flatten the weld surface. The sound welds have smooth surface without keyholes and other internal welding defects. No intermetallic compound layer but some areas with amorphous atomic configuration was formed along the Al/Fe joint interface due to the lower heat input. The shear tensile failure load can reach a maximum value of 3607 N and fracture through plug mode. The probe length has little effect on the weld properties, which indicates that the tool life can be significantly extended by this new spot welding technique.
Keywords :
Steel , Interfacial microstructure , Aluminium , Spot friction stir welding
Journal title :
Materials and Design
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Link To Document :