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Title of article :
Laminar mixed convection boundary layers induced by a linearly stretching permeable surface
Author/Authors :
Mohamed Ali، نويسنده , , Fahd Al-Yousef، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2002
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Abstract :
The boundary layer flow on a linearly moving permeable vertical surface is studied when the buoyancy force assists or opposes the flow. Similarity and local similarity solutions are obtained for the boundary layer equations subject to power law temperature and velocity variation. The effect of various governing parameters, such as Prandtl number Pr, injection parameter d, and the mixed convection parameter λ=Grx/Rex2, which determine the velocity and temperature distributions, the heat transfer coefficient, and the shear stress at the surface are studied. The heat transfer coefficient increases as λ assisting the flow for all d for uniformly or linearly heated surface and as Pr increases it becomes almost independent of λ. However, as the temperature inversely proportional to the distance up the surface, the buoyancy has no effects on the heat transfer coefficient. Critical buoyancy parameter values are obtained for vanished shear stress and for predominate natural convection. Critical values are also presented for predominate buoyancy shear stress at the surface for assisting or opposing flow. A closed form analytical solution is also presented as a special case of the energy equation.
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