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Title of article :
Preparation and characterization of antimicrobial Ce-doped ZnO nanoparticles for photocatalytic detoxification of cyanide
Author/Authors :
Chockalingam Karunakaran، نويسنده , , Paramasivan Gomathisankar، نويسنده , , Govindasamy Manikandan، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
دوهفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
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Abstract :
2% Ce-doped ZnO, prepared by sonochemical wet impregnation method and calcined at 500 °C, was characterized by XRD, EDS, XPS, SEM, FT-IR, UV–visible DRS, PL, EIS, and N2-adsorption and desorption isotherms. Doping reduces the intragranular resistance and recombination of the photogenerated electron–hole pairs. It also shifts the optical absorption edge to visible region. Under UV-A light or natural sunlight (950 ± 25 W m−2), the doped oxide effectively catalyzes the oxidation of cyanide and subsequently the cyanate also. The catalysis follows Langmuir–Hinshelwood kinetics. The solar photocatalysis depends on the area of catalyst bed and the UV photocatalysis enhances with the photon flux. The doped oxide is also an antibacterial agent and its bactericidal efficiency, tested with Escherichia coli in absence of any illumination, is larger than those of undoped oxides.
Keywords :
Composite materials , Semiconductors , Oxidation , Surfaces
Journal title :
Materials Chemistry and Physics
Journal title :
Materials Chemistry and Physics
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