Record number :
Title of article :
Effect of fluid–particle-interactions on dispersing nano-particles in epoxy resins using stirred-media-mills and three-roll-mills
Author/Authors :
Carsten Schilde، نويسنده , , Hendrik Nolte، نويسنده , , Christine Arlt، نويسنده , , Arno Kwade، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2010
Pages :
From page :
To page :
Abstract :
Fibre reinforced composites are indispensable in the field of modern lightweight structures, such as used in aerospace, automotive industry or in wind power plants. Those materials provide high weight savings and increase the efficiency of a structure significantly. Therefore, various efforts are made to continuously improve the quality of the matrix and the fibres. By embedding nano-particles into the epoxy matrix, the mechanical properties as well as the electrical and thermal characteristics can significantly be improved [1]. In most cases these nano-sized particles are produced as dry powders not as single primary particles but rather as particle collectives consisting out of several primary particles. For the application in reinforced composites the particles must be suspended in epoxy resin as separately dispersed primary particles or in a certain aggregate size. Generally, the influencing parameters to break up the aggregates in a dispersion process can be divided into the stress mechanism, the intensity and the frequency of the dispersing machine itself, the properties of the dispersed particles (e.g. the particle–particle interactions) the properties of the homogenous phase and the particle–resin-interactions. Besides the effect of the chosen dispersing machine the optimization of the dispersing process was investigated by applying modified particle surfaces and varying the fluid properties. The results show that the surface properties of the particles must fit to the epoxy resin properties and the attractive forces between the primary particles must be reduced or the stabilization improved, respectively. An indication for an improved stabilization and adjustment of the particles surface properties to the fluid properties can be obtained by measurements of the contact angle and the rheological properties. Generally, an increase of viscosity and mass fraction of the product leads to a higher energetic efficiency of the dispersion process in the stirred media mill and three-roll-mill.
Keywords :
D. Dynamic light scattering , E. Dispersing , E. Formulation , B. Mechanical properties , A. Nano-particles , A. Nano-composites
Journal title :
Serial Year :
Link To Document :