آقايي افشار، محمود نويسنده دانشکده پزشکي،دانشگاه علوم پزشکي کرمان AGHAYE AFSHAR, M , هادوي، هادي نويسنده , , واحديان ، مهرداد نويسنده , , پورسيدي، بهرام نويسنده , , Zeynali Nejad، hamid نويسنده Department of Surgery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran زينالي نژاد, حميد , لشكري زاده، محمدرضا نويسنده دانشگاه علوم پزشكي كرمان,دانشكده پزشكي افضلي پور , , كوهستاني پاريزي، مريم نويسنده Department of Surgery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran Kouhestani Parizi, Maryam
Background: Rubber band ligation is one of the most worldwide used treatments of hemorrhoids because of its effectiveness and low complication rate. Hemorrhoidectomy is the procedure of choice for treatment of grade four hemorrhoids which is a painful method for a relatively benign disease. There are a few studies available analyzing the effectiveness of RBL as an initial treatment for grade four symptomatic internal hemorrhoids.
Objective: This study aimed to analyze the efficacy of the staging rubber band ligation in treatment of grade four hemorrhoids and comparing to hemorrhoidectomy.
Patients and Methods: A prospective randomized clinical trial was performed on all patients diagnosed with grade four symptomatic internal hemorrhoids from August 2011 to March 2013. Sixty four patients with grade four hemorrhoids were divided into two groups and underwent hemorrhoidectomy (H group) and rubber band ligation (R group).These patients were compared for any complications and recurrence in a six month period.
Results: Pain existed in 100% of the H group and 67.7% of the R group in the first visit one week postoperation (P < 0.05). There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups regarding the days off work. Patients’ satisfaction and recurrence were similar in both groups after a period of six months.
Conclusions: This study showed that staging rubber band ligation is effective for treating grade four hemorrhoids. Few complication and low recurrence rate were noted which enable us to recommend this modality as the procedure of choice for the management of selected patients with grade four symptomatic hemorrhoids.