Record number :
Title of article :
Evaluation of sorption of uranium onto metakaolin using X-ray photoelectron and Raman spectroscopies Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Jamil R. Memon، نويسنده , , Keith R. Hallam، نويسنده , , Muhammad I. Bhanger، نويسنده , , Adel El-Turki، نويسنده , , Geoffrey C. Allen، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
Pages :
From page :
To page :
Abstract :
Metakaolin prepared from a natural clay mineral ore of aluminium kaolinite is a promising low cost and high activity aluminosilicate material that has been investigated for studying the sorption behavior of uranium. Here, metakaolin was characterized using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and the effects of pH, contact time and initial metal ion concentration on its sorption behavior were studied. The sorption process was found to initially be rapid (∼60% at time 0 min) but became slower with time; equilibrium was established within 24 h (∼80% sorption). The data were applied to study the kinetics of the sorption process. The Langmuir and Dubinin–Radushkevich (D–R) sorption isotherms were used to describe partitioning behavior for the system at room temperature. The binding of metal ions was found to be pH dependent, with optimal sorption occurring at pH 5. The retained metal ions were eluted with 5 mL of 0.1 M HNO3. Raman spectroscopy and XPS were used to evaluate the sorption mechanism of U(VI).
Keywords :
Sorption , kinetics , Isotherms , Metakaolin , Uranium
Journal title :
Analytica Chimica Acta
Link To Document :