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Title of article :
Gold nanoelectrode ensembles for direct trace electroanalysis of iodide Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Francisco C. Pereira، نويسنده , , Ligia M. Moretto، نويسنده , , Manuela De Leo، نويسنده , , Maria V. Boldrin Zanoni، نويسنده , , Paolo Ugo، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
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Abstract :
A procedure for the standardization of ensembles of gold nanodisk electrodes (NEE) of 30 nm diameter is presented, which is based on the analytical comparison between experimental cyclic voltammograms (CV) obtained at the NEEs in diluted solutions of redox probes and CV patterns obtained by digital simulation. Possible origins of defects sometimes found in NEEs are discussed. Selected NEEs are then employed for the study of the electrochemical oxidation of iodide in acidic solutions. CV patterns display typical quasi-reversible behavior which involves associated chemical reactions between adsorbed and solution species. The main CV characteristics at the NEE compare with those observed at millimeter sized gold disk electrodes (Au-macro), apart a slight shift in E1/2 values and slightly higher peak to peak separation at the NEE. The detection limit (DL) at NEEs is 0.3 μM, which is more than one order of magnitude lower than DL at the Au-macro (4 μM). The mechanism of the electrochemical oxidation of iodide at NEEs is discussed. Finally, NEEs are applied to the direct determination of iodide at micromolar concentration levels in real samples, namely in some ophthalmic drugs and iodized table salt.
Keywords :
Voltammetry , Edible salt , Ophthalmic drugs , Nanoelectrode ensembles , Iodide
Journal title :
Analytica Chimica Acta
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