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Title of article :
Potentiometric determination of the ‘formal’ hydrolysis ratio of aluminium species in aqueous solutions Original Research Article
Author/Authors :
Agathe C. Fournier، نويسنده , , Kirill L. Shafran، نويسنده , , Carole C. Perry، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
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Abstract :
The ‘formal’ hydrolysis ratio (h = C(OH−)added/C(Al)total) of hydrolysed aluminium-ions is an important parameter required for the exhaustive and quantitative speciation–fractionation of aluminium in aqueous solutions. This paper describes a potentiometric method for determination of the formal hydrolysis ratio based on an automated alkaline titration procedure. The method uses the point of precipitation of aluminium hydroxide as a reference (h = 3.0) in order to calculate the initial formal hydrolysis ratio of hydrolysed aluminium-ion solutions. Several solutions of pure hydrolytic species including aluminium monomers (AlCl3), Al13 polynuclear cluster ([Al13O4(OH)24(H2O)12]7+), Al30 polynuclear cluster ([Al30O8(OH)56(H2O)26]18+) and a suspension of nanoparticulate aluminium hydroxide have been used as ‘reference standards’ to validate the proposed potentiometric method. Other important variables in the potentiometric determination of the hydrolysis ratio have also been optimised including the concentration of aluminium and the type and strength of alkali (Trizma-base, NH3, NaHCO3, Na2CO3 and KOH). The results of the potentiometric analysis have been cross-verified by quantitative 27Al solution nuclear magnetic resonance (27Al NMR) measurements. The ‘formal’ hydrolysis ratio of a commercial basic aluminium chloride has been measured as an example of a practical application of the developed technique.
Keywords :
Aluminium ions , Speciation , Fractionation , Aqueous solutions , Hydrolysis ratio , Potentiometric titrations , 27Al nuclear magnetic resonance
Journal title :
Analytica Chimica Acta
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