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Title of article :
FAM/USP9x, a Deubiquitinating Enzyme Essential for TGFβ Signaling, Controls Smad4 Monoubiquitination
Author/Authors :
Sirio Dupont، نويسنده , , Anant Mamidi، نويسنده , , Michelangelo Cordenonsi، نويسنده , , Marco Montagner، نويسنده , , Luca Zacchigna، نويسنده , , Maddalena Adorno، نويسنده , , Graziano Martello، نويسنده , , Michael J. Stinchfield، نويسنده , , Sandra Soligo، نويسنده , , Leonardo Morsut، نويسنده , , Masafumi Inui، نويسنده , , Stefano Moro، نويسنده , , Nicola Modena، نويسنده , , Francesco Argenton، نويسنده , , Stuart J. Newfeld، نويسنده , , Stefano Piccolo، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
هفته نامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2009
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Abstract :
The assembly of the Smad complex is critical for TGFβ signaling, yet the mechanisms that inactivate or empower nuclear Smad complexes are less understood. By means of siRNA screen we identified FAM (USP9x), a deubiquitinase acting as essential and evolutionarily conserved component in TGFβ and bone morphogenetic protein signaling. Smad4 is monoubiquitinated in lysine 519 in vivo, a modification that inhibits Smad4 by impeding association with phospho-Smad2. FAM reverts this negative modification, re-empowering Smad4 function. FAM opposes the activity of Ectodermin/Tif1γ (Ecto), a nuclear factor for which we now clarify a prominent role as Smad4 monoubiquitin ligase. Our study points to Smad4 monoubiquitination and deubiquitination as a way for cells to set their TGFβ responsiveness: loss of FAM disables Smad4-dependent responses in several model systems, with Ecto being epistatic to FAM. This defines a regulative ubiquitination step controlling Smads that is parallel to those impinging on R-Smad phosphorylation.
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