Joaqu?n Castilla، نويسنده , , Dennisse Gonzalez-Romero، نويسنده , , Paula Sa?، نويسنده , , Rodrigo Morales، نويسنده , , Jorge De Castro، نويسنده , , Claudio Soto، نويسنده ,
Prions are unconventional infectious agents composed exclusively of misfolded prion protein (PrPSc), which transmits the disease by propagating its abnormal conformation to the cellular prion protein (PrPC). A key characteristic of prions is their species barrier, by which prions from one species can only infect a limited number of other species. Here, we report the generation of infectious prions by interspecies transmission of PrPSc misfolding by in vitro PMCA amplification. Hamster PrPC misfolded by mixing with mouse PrPSc generated unique prions that were infectious to wild-type hamsters, and similar results were obtained in the opposite direction. Successive rounds of PMCA amplification result in adaptation of the in vitro-produced prions, in a process reminiscent of strain stabilization observed upon serial passage in vivo. Our results indicate that PMCA is a valuable tool for the investigation of cross-species transmission and suggest that species barrier and strain generation are determined by the propagation of PrP misfolding.