Record number :
Title of article :
Effect of flexibility of grafted polymer on the morphology and property of nanosilica/PVC composites
Author/Authors :
Aiping Zhu، نويسنده , , Aiyun Cai، نويسنده , , Weidong Zhou، نويسنده , , Zhehua Shi، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2008
Pages :
From page :
To page :
Abstract :
In this study, poly(methyl methacrylate)-grafted-nanosilica (PMMA-g-silica) and a copolymer of styrene (St), n-butyl acrylate (BA) and acrylic acid (AA)-grafted-nanosilica (PSBA-g-silica) hybrid nanoparticles were prepared by using a heterophase polymerization technique in an aqueous system. The grafted polymers made up approximately 50 wt.% of the resulted hybrid nanoparticles which showed a spherical and well-dispersed morphology. The silica hybrid nanoparticles were subsequently used as fillers in a poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) matrix to fabricate PVC nanocomposite. Morphology study of PVC nanocomposites revealed that both PMMA- and PSBA-grafted-silica had an adhesive interface between the silica and PVC. The tensile strength and elongation to break were found to be improved significantly in comparison with that of untreated nanosilica/PVC composites. Finally our results clearly demonstrated that the properties (e.g. chain flexibility, composition) of the grafted polymer in the hybrid nanoparticles could significantly affect the dispersion behavior of hybrid nanoparticles in PVC matrix, dynamic mechanical thermal properties and mechanical properties of the resulted PVC composites.
Keywords :
Interfacial properties , Mechanical properties , Grafting polymerization , Nanosilica , Nanocomposites
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Serial Year :
Link To Document :