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Title of article :
Repair of segmental bone defects with bone marrow and BMP-2 adenovirus in the rabbit radius
Author/Authors :
Lijia Cheng، نويسنده , , Xiaofeng Lu، نويسنده , , Yujun Shi، نويسنده , , Li Li، نويسنده , , Jing Xue، نويسنده , , Li Zhang، نويسنده , , Zhao-Jie Xia، نويسنده , , Yujia Wang، نويسنده , , Xingdong Zhang، نويسنده , , Yan-Hong Bu، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2012
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Abstract :
Bone tissue engineering (BTE) is approached via implantation of autogenous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), marrow cells, or platelet-rich plasma, etc. To the contrary, gene therapy combining with the bone marrow (BM) has not been often reported. This study was performed to investigate whether a modified BTE method, that is, the BM and a recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 adenovirus (Ad.hBMP-2) gene administering in hydroxyapatite/β-tricalcium phosphate (HA/β-TCP) ceramics could accelerate the healing of segmental defects in the rabbit radius. In our study, ceramics were immersed in the adenovirus overnight, and half an hour before surgery, autologous BM aspirates were thoroughly mixed with the ceramics; at the same time, a 15-mm radius defect was introduced in the bilateral forelimbs of all animals, after that, this defect was filled with the following: (1) Ad.hBMP-2 + HA/β-TCP + autologous BM (group 1); (2) HA/β-TCP + Ad.hBMP-2 (group 2); (3) HA/β-TCP alone (group 3); (4) an empty defect as a control (group 4). Histological observation and μ-CT analyses were performed on the specimens at weeks 2, 4, 8, and 12, respectively. In group 1, new bone was observed at week 4 and BM appeared at week 12, in groups 2 and 3, new bone was observed at week 8 and it was more mature at week 12, in contrast, the defect was not bridged in group 4 at week 12. The new bone area percentage in group 1 was significantly higher than that in groups 2 and 3. Our study indicated that BM combined with hBMP-2 adenovirus and porous ceramics could significantly increase the amount of newly formed bone. And this modified BTE method thus might have potentials in future clinical application.
Keywords :
Bone marrow , Ad.hBMP-2 , HA/?-TCP , Bone tissue engineering
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
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