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Title of article :
Preparation and textural characterisation of activated carbon from vine shoots (Vitis vinifera) by H3PO4—Chemical activation
Author/Authors :
B. Corcho-Corral، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
Pages :
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Abstract :
An abundant and low-cost agricultural waste as vine shoots (Vitis vinifera) (VS), which is generated by the annual pruning of vineyards, has been used as raw material in the preparation of powder activated carbon (AC) by the method of chemical activation with phosphoric acid. After size reduction, VS were impregnated for 2 h with 60 wt.% H3PO4 solution at room temperature, 50 and 85 8C. The three impregnated products were carbonised at 400 8C. The product impregnated at 50 8C was heated either first at 150–250 8C and then at 400 8C or simply at 350–550 8C in N2 atmosphere. The time of isothermal treatment after each dynamic heating was 2 h. The carbons were texturally characterised by gas adsorption (N2, 196 8C), mercury porosimetry, and density measurements. FT-IR spectroscopy was also applied. Better developments of surface area and microporosity are obtained when the impregnation of VS with the H3PO4 solution is effected at 50 8C and for the products heated isothermally at 200 and 450 8C. The mesopore volume is also usually higher for the products impregnated and heated at intermediate temperatures
Keywords :
Activated carbon , Vine shoots , Phosphoric acid activation
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Serial Year :
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