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Title of article :
Slow positron beam study of corrosion-related defects in pure iron
Author/Authors :
Y.C. Wu *، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2006
Pages :
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Abstract :
Corrosion-related defects of pure iron were investigated by measuring Doppler broadening energy spectra (DBES) of positron annihilation and positron annihilation lifetime (PAL). Defect profiles of the S-parameter from DBES as a function of positron incident energy up to 30 keV (i.e. 1 mm depth) were analyzed. The DBES data show that S-parameter increases as a function of positron incident energy (mean depth) after corrosion, and the increase in the S-parameter is larger near the surface than in the bulk due to corrosion. Furthermore, information on defect size from PAL data as a function of positron incident energy up to 10 keV (i.e. 0.2 mm depth) was analyzed. In the two-state trapping model, the lifetime t2 = 500 ps is ascribed to annihilation of positrons in voids with a size of the order of nanometer. t1, which decreases with depth from the surface to the bulk, is ascribed to the annihilation of positrons in dislocations and three-dimensional vacancy clusters. The corroded samples show a significant increase in t1 and the intensity I2, and near the surface the corroded iron introduces both voids and large-size three-dimensional vacancy clusters. The size of vacancy clusters decreases with depth
Keywords :
defect , Corrosion , Iron , Slow positron beam , Positron annihilation
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
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Link To Document :