Record number :
Title of article :
Effect of evaporation on surface morphology of epitaxial ZnO films during postdeposition annealing
Author/Authors :
I.W. Kim، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
Pages :
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Abstract :
We investigated the effect of evaporation on the surface morphology of c-oriented epitaxial ZnO (40 nm thick)/ Al2O3(0 0 0 1) films during postdeposition annealing using real time synchrotron X-ray scattering and atomic force microscopy (AFM). We find that evaporation as well as grain coalescence play crucial roles on the surface morphology of the ZnO/ Al2O3(0 0 0 1) films. Grain growth occurring in initial stage of annealing forms facets with higher surface energies than the (0 0 0 1) planes. By the preferential evaporation of the prism planes, the surface morphology of the ZnO film eventually evolves into 2D flat (0 0 0 1) surface at 800 8C, as confirmed by AFM. The real time measurement of the film thickness during annealing also supports the effect of the evaporation on the morphology. The evaporation rate is high in initial stage by the preferential evaporation from high energy facets but slows down after transition to the flat (0 0 0 1) surface
Keywords :
evaporation , annealing , Surface morphology , ZNO
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Serial Year :
Link To Document :