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Title of article :
Characterization of thin films on the nanometer scale by Auger electron spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Author/Authors :
CJ Powell، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2005
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Abstract :
We describe two NIST databases that can be used to characterize thin films from Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and Xray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) measurements. First, the NIST Electron Effective-Attenuation-Length Database provides values of effective attenuation lengths (EALs) for user-specified materials and measurement conditions. The EALs differ from the corresponding inelastic mean free paths on account of elastic-scattering of the signal electrons. The database supplies ‘‘practical’’ EALs that can be used to determine overlayer-film thicknesses. Practical EALs are plotted as a function of film thickness, and an average value is shown for a user-selected thickness. The average practical EAL can be utilized as the ‘‘lambda parameter’’ to obtain film thicknesses from simple equations in which the effects of elastic-scattering are neglected. A single average practical EAL can generally be employed for a useful range of film thicknesses and for electron emission angles of up to about 608. For larger emission angles, the practical EAL should be found for the particular conditions. Second, we describe a new NIST database for the Simulation of Electron Spectra for Surface Analysis (SESSA) to be released in 2004. This database provides data for many parameters needed in quantitative AES and XPS (e.g., excitation cross-sections, electron-scattering cross-sections, lineshapes, fluorescence yields, and backscattering factors). Relevant data for a user-specified experiment are automatically retrieved by a small expert system. In addition, Auger electron and photoelectron spectra can be simulated for layered samples. The simulated spectra, for layer compositions and thicknesses specified by the user, can be compared with measured spectra. The layer compositions and thicknesses can then be adjusted to find maximum consistency between simulated and measured spectra, and thus, provide more detailed characterizations of multilayer thin-film materials. SESSA can also provide practical EALs, and we compare values provided by the NIST EAL database and SESSA for hafnium dioxide. Differences of up to 10% were found for film thicknesses less than 20 A ° due to the use of different physical models in each database.
Keywords :
Auger electron spectroscopy , databases , Quantitative analysis , X-ray photoelectronspectroscopy , Spectrum simulation , XPS , AES , Film thicknesses
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
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