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Title of article :
Use of different surface analysis techniques for the study of the photo-degradation of a polymeric matrix composite
Author/Authors :
A. Larena*، نويسنده , , S. Jimenez de Ochoa، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
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Abstract :
Polypropylene matrix composites, with different reinforcement degrees of long glass fibres, are usually used in different fields of the industry, like aeronautics or automotive. Owed to their huge application field, and work under diverse and severe conditions, samples of the materials were exposed to artificial accelerated photo ageing in UV chamber (Heraeus Xenotest 15OS). Although the oxidative mechanism of the PP is known enough, the fact that the material presents a high content of glass fibre, cause a surface degradation higher than that the case of no reinforced materials, owed to the presence of the fibres near the surface. In order to study this topographic modifications, the optical confocal microscopy is used that allows us the analysis of the material surface with more accuracy than a surface profiler, and with nanometric precision. We also want a correlation between surface degradation studied by confocal microscopy and reflectometer measurements. By this way, we can know the surface state, and the degradation evolution, by means of a set of easy measurements, taken with a portable reflectometer, in samples at work, without preparation. Since these materials shall fulfil some aesthetic requirements, we study also, by means of UV–vis spectroscopy, Yellow Index and White Index variations, trying to explain the photochemical processes causing these modifications. Also, the fact that these materials are usually subjected to surface treatments like adhesion or painting makes necessary the study of surface energy.We study the variation of this factor with exposing time and percentage of fibre, by means of contact angle measurements, with different liquids of known surface tensions
Keywords :
Contact properties , surface roughness , PP-GF composite , Photo-oxidation , Optical confocal microscopy , Industrial colorimetry
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Serial Year :
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