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Title of article :
A novel dynamic kinetic model of oxygen isotopic exchange on a supported metal catalyst
Author/Authors :
Arvaidas Galdikas، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
Pages :
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Abstract :
A time-resolved kinetic analysis has been developed for modeling experimental results of 18O=16O isotopic exchange over oxide-supported metal catalysts. Model is based on two very important points: (1) the parallel calculation of surface and bulk diffusion and (2) the implication of certain O species such as superoxides. The model includes adsorption–desorption processes on metal clusters and oxygen spillover from the metal to the surface of support and vice versa. Different mechanisms of exchange were also taken into account via mononuclear (O atoms, O , OH) or binuclear (superoxides) oxygen species. A refined model taking into account surface diffusion, direct exchange on surface of support by binuclear oxygen species and bulk diffusion was also developed. Kinetic (reaction rates and diffusion coefficients) as well as thermodynamic parameters (activation energies) were derived by fitting theoretical and experimental curves of 18O2, 18O16O and 16O2 gas phase concentrations versus time. The experimental results of Pt/CeZrO2 catalyst samples obtained in the 200–450 8C range of temperatures are examined. The refined model provides a very good fitting of the kinetic curves recorded with ceria–zirconia-supported catalysts. Moreover, values of diffusion coefficients and activation energies are in good agreement with already published values found by other methods. For a better understanding of all the steps of exchange, the kinetics of 18O and 16O distribution on the surface of metal clusters and on the surface of support are calculated and analyzed. On the basis of this model, a computer code is developed for analysis and calculations of kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of automotive catalysts.
Keywords :
Kinetics , modeling , Adsorption , Surface diffusion , catalysis , Three-way automotive catalysts , Spillover
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Serial Year :
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