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Title of article :
Surface structure and topology in surface stabilized Co-nanoparticles with a thin Al2O3 amorphous layer
Author/Authors :
S. Rana، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
Pages :
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Abstract :
Heating an amorphous Co2þ:AlO(OH) aH2O gel under a reducing atmosphere of pure H2 gas at 700–850 8C temperature results in surface stabilized Co-metal nanoparticles with a thin Al2O3 ceramic surface layer. At early temperatures during heating, the gel decomposes and disperses in a refined structure in divided Co2þ groups through a matrix of Al2O3 (amorphous). A reconstructive Co2þ þ H2 ! Co þ 2Hþ reaction operates in the divided groups to result in isolated Co-particles. Formation and existence of Al2O3 layer (in a limited thickness t R0, with R0 4:28 nm the critical Al2O3 dimension to grow as a stable crystallite) over growing Co-particles control the process in a high-energy metastable fcc or bcc Co allotrope structure. Average crystallite size thus hardly grows to be as big as 41 nm. A large value of surface energy s ¼ 0:790 J/m2 in Al2O3, in comparison to 0.234 J/m2 in fcc or 0.279 J/m2 in hcp Co, inhibits a moderate diffusion of surface atoms and in turn controls the nucleation and growth in small Co-particles. Otherwise, a particle of pure Co metal grows rapidly in the hcp bulk structure. The results of the Al2O3 surface modified fcc and bcc Co are analyzed with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy in correlation of X-ray diffraction and microstructure
Keywords :
Microstructure , surface topology , Phase transformation , Surface modified Co-nanoparticles , Nanocermets , XPS analysis , X-raydiffraction
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Serial Year :
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