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Title of article :
The electrochemical behavior and surface structure of titanium electrodes modified by ion beams
Author/Authors :
G.F. Huang، نويسنده , , Z. Xie، نويسنده , , W.Q. Huang، نويسنده , , S.B. Yang، نويسنده , , L.H. Zhao، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2004
Pages :
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Abstract :
Industrial grade titanium modified by ion implantation and sputtering was used as electrodes. The effect of ion beam modification on the electrochemical behavior and surface structure of electrodes was investigated. Also discussed is the hydrogen evolution process of the electrode in acidic solution. Several ions such as Feþ, Cþ,Wþ, Niþ and others, were implanted into the electrode. The electrochemical tests were carried out in 1N H2SO4 solution at 30 1 8C. The electrode potential was measured versus a saturate calomel electrode as a function of immersion time. The cathodic polarization curves were measured by the stable potential static method. The surface layer composition and the chemical state of the electrodes were also investigated by Auger electron spectrometer (AES) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) technique. The results show that: (1) the stability of modified electrodes depends on the active elements introduced by ion implantation and sputtering deposition. (2) The hydrogen evolution activity of industrial grade titanium may be improved greatly by ion beam modification. (3) Ion beam modification changed the composition and the surface state of electrodes over a certain depth range and forms an activity layer having catalytic hydrogen evolution, which inhibited the absorption of hydrogen and formation of titanium hydride. Thus promoted hydrogen evolution and improved the hydrogen evolution catalytic activity in industrial grade titanium. # 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Keywords :
Hydrogen evolution , Catalytic , stability , Titanium , Ion beam modification
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Serial Year :
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