Record number :
1000036
Title of article :
STM investigation of epitaxial Si growth for the fabrication of a Si-based quantum computer
Author/Authors :
Lars Oberbeck، نويسنده , , Toby Hallam، نويسنده , , Neil J. Curson، نويسنده , , Michelle Y. Simmons، نويسنده , , Robert G. Clark، نويسنده ,
Issue Information :
روزنامه با شماره پیاپی سال 2003
Pages :
6
From page :
319
To page :
324
Abstract :
We investigate the morphology of epitaxial Si layers grown on clean and on hydrogen terminated Si(0 0 1) to explore the growth strategy for the fabrication of a Si-based quantum computer. We use molecular beam epitaxy to deposit 5 monolayers of silicon at a temperature of 250 °C and scanning tunnelling microscopy to image the surface at room temperature after growth and after various rapid annealing steps in the temperature range of 350–600 °C. The epitaxial layer grown on the hydrogenated surface shows a significantly higher surface roughness due to a lower mobility of silicon surface atoms in the presence of hydrogen. Annealing at temperatures ≥550 °C reduces the roughness of both epitaxial layers to the value of a clean silicon surface. However, the missing dimer defect density of the epitaxial layer grown on the hydrogenated surface remains higher by a factor of two compared to the layer grown on clean Si(0 0 1). Our results suggest a quantum computer growth strategy in which the hydrogen resist layer is desorbed before the epitaxial silicon layer is grown at low temperature to encapsulate phosphorus quantum bits.
Keywords :
Quantum computer , Silicon , Molecular beam epitaxy , Scanning tunnelling microscopy
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Journal title :
Applied Surface Science
Serial Year :
2003
Link To Document :
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